TENNIS ELBOW AND GOLFER’S ELBOW

PAIN MANAGEMENT
PAIN MANAGEMENT

TENNIS ELBOW AND GOLFER’S ELBOW

-Shubham Kapruwan, Fitness Instructor, Modi Luxury Wellness Centre

Golfer’s elbow and Tennis elbow are classical examples of overuse injuries which occur due to repetitive motion at the elbow joint. As opposed to the common names, these conditions are seen more often in people who have never played either of the two sports. It commonly affecting the age groups of 30-50 years. In medical terms, these are known as epicondylitis i.e. inflammation of epicondyles (bony prominences on arm-bones).

 Two Types of Epicondylitis:

  • Lateral epicondylitis:Commonly known as “Tennis Elbow”. It affects the tendons attached to the outer (lateral) side of your elbow, which are connected in turn to the muscles that extend your wrist backward and straighten your fingers.
  • Medial epicondylitis:Commonly known as “Golfer’s Elbow”. It affects tendons connected to the inner (medial) side of your elbow, which are attached to the muscles that flex your wrist and contract your fingers when you grip something.

Causes:

Both conditions are types of tendonitis, or inflammation of a tendon, and both are very commonly caused by overuse. This may be due to excessive force on a regular basis (like hitting a tennis or golf ball) or due to other repetitive activities that involve the forearm muscles.

Common symptoms of tennis elbow include:

  • Pain that radiates from the outside of your elbow and down your forearm
  • Tenderness on the outside of your elbow
  • Weakness in your forearm or a weak grip
  • Pain when you grip things, twist something or if you play tennis, especially with backhand strokes

Common symptoms of Golfer’s elbow include:

  • Pain and tenderness on the inside of your elbow
  • Pain that radiates down your arm from the inside of your elbow
  • Weakness in your hand or wrist
  • Numbness or tingling in your ring and little fingers
  • Pain when you grip or twist things
  • Pain when you flex your wrist

Exercise for tennis elbow:

Exercise for golfer’s elbow:

Other treatments may include:

  • Ice compression – Depending on the severity, icing the affected area may be helpful for reducing pain and inflammation along with rest to the elbow joint.
  • Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory medications – Medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen are commonly recommended.
  • Physical therapy – Several studies have shown physiotherapy to be the most effective way of managing tennis and golfer’s elbow when compared to the more conventional methods.  Usually a course of 6 weeks is prescribed which involves stretches and strengthening exercises which aids and accelerate the recovery process up to 90% within the stipulated time.
    • Stretching exercises – exercises which stretch the involved forearm muscles can help reduce strain on the inflamed tendons.
    • Strengthening exercises– strengthening of forearm and shoulder muscles starting from isometric exercises and progressive resistance exercises.
    • Pain Management – Cryotherapy, ultrasound and electrical stimulation along with elbow kinesio-taping.
    • Brace – Using a brace helps in symptom resolution by stabilizing the elbow and maintaining functionality of the joint.
    • Gentle Mobilization– Mobilization of neck and elbow joint along with neural mobilization. 

At Modi Luxury Wellness Centre, we do holistic management of these conditions with state of the art technology and Indian Systems of Medicine.

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